Study Guide with Answers
The Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States
1. How did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 banned slavery in the Northwest territory
2. The significance of Shays’s Rebellion was in the way it demonstrated the weaknesses of the government created by the Articles of Confederation.
3. The Land Ordinance of 1785 set up a system for surveying the land in the Northwest Territory.
4. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided western land into 36square mile (6 mille X 6 mile) townships.
5. The Articles of Confederation established the first national government of the United States.
6. The main cause of Shays’s Rebellion was a law in Massachusetts forcing farmers to pay taxes on their land in coin.
7. The national government responded to Shays’s Rebellion by holding a convention to revise The Articles of Confederation. They ended up writing the Constitution.
8. Anti-Federalists believed the Constitution centralized to much power in the national government
9. Under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 a territory could apply to become a state after it had drafted a constitution and had 60,000 residents.
10. The Great Compromise resolved the debate over state representation in the federal government by creating a bicameral legislature. One house would have its membership based on the population of the state, the other would have an equal number of representatives from every state.
11. Southerners wanted all slaves to be counted in the population. Northerners wanted no slaves counted in the population.
12. Delegates resolved the debate over how slaves should factor into representation in government by compromising and deciding to count every five slaves as three people. This becomes known as the 3/5 compromise.
13. The Constitution attempted to implement the ideals set forth in the Declaration of Independence by establishing ways to protect popular sovereignty, the peoples right to control government by voting.
14. The Constitution creates a system of checks and balances to keep any branch of government from becoming too strong.
15. The Constitution delegates the power to coin money to the federal government so that a single currency could be used everywhere.
16. Under the Articles of Confederation, the greatest amount of power was held by the states.
17. The Federalists believed the Constitution had a tremendous advantage over the Articles of Confederation because the Constitution created a government with just enough power.
18. The English Bill of Rights, the Mayflower Compact, and the Magna Carta influenced the system of government established by the US Constitution.
Magna Carta-an English document that subjected the King to the same laws as everyone else
Suffrage-the right to vote
Interstate commerce-trade between one state and another
Inflation-occurs when the value of money goes down causing prices to go up
Economic Depression-a steep drop in economic activity often accompanied by a big rise in unemployment
Popular sovereignty-the idea that political authority belongs to the people
Federalism-U.S. system of government in which power is shared between the states and the national government.
Bill of Rights-The first 10 amendments to the Constitution that protect individual liberties.
Judicial Branch-Interprets the law
Legislative Branch-Writes law
Executive Branch-Enforces the law